A full bibliography with hyperlinks for Modernizing Legal Services in Common Law Countries: Will the US Be Left Behind? appears below.


ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20. “ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20 Will Not Propose Changes to ABA Policy Prohibiting Nonlawyer Ownership of Law Firms.” April 16, 2012.

—. “Discussion Draft for Comment: Alternative Law Practice Structures.” December 2, 2011.

—. “Minutes.” February 4, 2010.

—. “Minutes.” April 29, 2010.

—. “Minutes.” February 10, 2011.

—. “Minutes.” April 15-16, 2011.

—. “Minutes.” June 13, 2011.

—. “Preliminary Issues Outline.” November 19, 2009.

—. “Report to the House of Delegates: Resolution 105A.” August, 2012.

ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20 Working Group on Alternative Business Structures. “For Comment: Issues Paper Concerning Alternative Business Structures.” April 5, 2011.

ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services, Standing Committee on Professional Discipline, Criminal Justice Section Law Practice Division, Standing Committee on Legal Aid And Indigent Defendants, and Standing Committee on Client Protection. “Report to the House of Delegates (105).” November, 2015.

ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services. “For Comment: Issues Paper Regarding Alternative Business Structures.” April 8, 2016.

—. “Informational Report to the House of Delegates.” December 2015.

—. “Issues Paper Concerning New Categories of Legal Services Providers.” October 16, 2015.

—. “Issues Paper Concerning Unregulated LSP Entities.” March 31, 2016.

—. “Issues Paper on the Future of Legal Services.” November 3, 2014.

—. “Report on the Future of Legal Services in the United States.” August, 2016.

ABA Commission on Lawyer Assistance Programs. “Proposed Resolution Regarding Model Regulatory Objectives.” October 28, 2015.

—. “Proposed Resolution Regarding Model Regulatory Objectives.” January 11, 2016.

ABA Solo Small Firm and General Practice Division. Memo to ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services. Undated.

—. Memo to ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services. December 30, 2015.

ABA Standing Committee on the Delivery of Legal Services. “Issues Paper on ‘Unregulated Legal LSP Entities.’” May 2, 2016.

ABA Standing Committee on Ethics and Professional Responsibility. “Formal Opinion 464: Division of Legal Fees With Other Lawyers Who May Lawfully Share Fees with Nonlawyers.” August 19, 2013.

ABA Standing Committee on Professionalism. “Comment on Issues Paper Concerning Unregulated LSP Entities.” April 28, 2016.

Abbott, Tony, Barbara Bradshaw, Joe Catanzariti, Harold Cottee, Noela L’Estrange, Martyn Hagan,  Philip Selth, and Dudley Stow. “Response to Taskforce Discussion Paper on Business Structures ‘Law Practices.’” Undated.,+Tony;+Bradshaw,+Barbara;+Catanzariti,+Joe;+Cottee,+Harold;+L+Estrange,+Noela;+Hagan,+Martyn;+Selth,+Philip;+and+Stow,+Dudley+-+Business+Structures.PDF/$file/Abbott,+Tony;+Bradshaw,+Barbara;+Catanzariti,+Joe;+Cottee,+Harold;+L+Estrange,+Noela;+Hagan,+Martyn;+Selth,+Philip;+and+Stow,+Dudley+-+Business+Structures.PDF.

Abdulkadiroglu, Atila, Parag Pathak, and Christopher Walters. “School Vouchers and Student Achievement: First-Year Evidence from the Louisiana Scholarship Program.” School Effectiveness & Inequality Initiative Discussion Paper #2015.06. December, 2015.

Abel, Richard L. American Lawyers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

—. “United States: The Contradictions of Professionalism.” In Lawyers in Society: The Common Law World, edited by Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis, 205-222. Washington DC: Beard Books, 2005.

—. “Why Does the ABA Promulgate Ethical Rules?” Texas Law Review 59 (1981): 639-688.

Adams, Edward S. and John H. Matheson. “Law Firms on the Big Board?: A Proposal for Nonlawyer Investment in Law Firms.” California Law Review 86 (1998): 1-40.

Alternative Business Structures Working Group. “Alternative Business Structures and the Legal Profession in Ontario: A Discussion Paper.” September, 2014.

Ambrogi, Bob. “Perlman: ABA Future Commission Not Out to Regulate ‘Entire Legal Tech Industry.’” Catalyst. April 26, 2016.

Ambrogi, Robert. “ABA Future Panel Calls for Broad Changes in Legal Services.” Above the Law. August 8, 2016.

—. “Washington State Moves Around UPL, Using Legal Technicians to Help Close the Justice Gap.” ABA Journal. January 1, 2015.

American Antitrust Institute. “AAI Says Legal Profession’s Recommendations on Multidisciplinary Practices May Violate Antitrust Laws.” February 8, 2000.

American Bar Association. “Resolution 105 Revised and Amended.” February 2016.

“America’s Neglected Water Systems Face a Reckoning.” Knowledge@Wharton. June 10, 2015.

American Water Works Association. “Buried No Longer: Confronting America’s Water Infrastructure Challenge.” February 27, 2012.

Andersson, Edward and Richard Wilson. “Globalised Democracy.” In Focus on Citizens: Public Engagement for Better Policy and Services. OECD Studies on Public Engagement, 299-302. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2009.

Andrews, Thomas R. “Nonlawyers in the Business of Law: Does the One Who Has the Gold Really Make the Rules.” The Hastings Law Journal 40 (1989): 577-656.

Arce, Rose. “Does Class Size Matter?” CNN School of Thought. December 6, 2011.

“Are We Better Off Privatizing Water?” Wall Street Journal. October 8, 2012.

Arnold, Craig Anthony. “Water Privatization Trends in the United States: Human Rights, National Security, and Public Stewardship.” William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review 33 (2009): 785-849.

Association of Christian Schools International. “Frequently Asked Questions about School Choice.” Accessed March 21, 2017.

Avvo, Inc. “Unregulated Legal Service Provider Entities.” April 28, 2016.

Baldwin, Robert, Martin Cave and Martin Lodge. Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy and Practice. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Bardes, ‎Barbara, Mack Shelley, and ‎Steffen Schmidt. American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials 2009 – 2010 Edition. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2010.

Barlow, Maude and Wenonah Hauter. “The Dangerous Return of Water Privatization.” Utne Reader. January/February 2014.

Barton, Benjamin H. “Do Judges Systematically Favor the Interests of the Legal Profession?” University of Tennessee Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1. October, 2007.

—. “An Institutional Analysis of Lawyer Regulation: Who Should Control Lawyer Regulation-Courts, Legislatures, or the Market?” Georgia Law Review 37 (2003): 1167-1250.

—. The Lawyer-Judge Bias in the American Legal System. New York: Cambridge University Press 2011.

—. “The Lawyer’s Monopoly—What Goes and What Stays.” Fordham Law Review 82 (2014): 3067-90.

—. “Why Do We Regulate Lawyers?: An Economic Analysis of the Justifications for Entry and Conduct Regulation.” Arizona State Law Journal 33 (2001): 429-490.

Batlan, Felice. Women and Justice for the Poor: A History of Legal Aid, 1863-1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Beck, Susan. “Divided ABA Adopts Resolution on Nonlawyer Legal Services.” The American Lawyer. February 8, 2016.

Bee, Sacramento and Andy Furillo. “California’s Prisons Bursting at Seams and Understaffed.” East Bay Times. November 26, 2005.

Behrens, Mark and Christopher Appel. “Controversial ABA Alternative Business Structures Proposal Stalls…Again.” IADC Committee Newsletter. June, 2016.

Bernabe, Alberto. “ABA Commission on Future of Legal Services issues Its Final Report; I Am Not Particularly Impressed – UPDATED.” Professional Responsibility Blog. August 11, 2016.

Betke, Christopher G. “Proposal for ABS.” April 27, 2016.

Bindman, Dan. “Cypriot Construction Consultancy Becomes ABS for its International Kudos.” Legal Futures. January 17, 2014.

Bishop, Todd. “Amazon Board Adds Jamie Gorelick, Former Fannie Mae and DOJ Official.” Geekwire. February 10, 2012.

Black, Julia and Robert Baldwin. “Really Responsive Risk-Based Regulation.” Law & Policy 32 (2010): 181-213.

Black, Julia. “Risk-Based Regulation: Choices, Practices and Lessons Being Learnt.” In Risk and Regulatory Policy: Improving the Governance of Risk. OECD, 185-236. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2010.

Bourgon, Jocelyne. “Why Should Governments Engage Citizens in Service Delivery and Policy Making?” In Focus on Citizens: Public Engagement for Better Policy and Services, OECD Studies on Public Engagement, 199-205. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2009.

Boyd, Tony. “High Court Judge Warns of Conflicts Facing Listed Law Firms.” Australian Financial Review. February 2, 2016.

Breyer, Stephen. Breaking the Vicious Circle: Toward Effective Risk Regulation. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Briton, John. “Between the Idea and the Reality Falls the Shadow.” Paper presented at the fifth bi-annual Australian and New Zealand Legal Ethics Colloquium, Melbourne, Australia, December 3-4, 2015.

—. “Between The Idea And The Reality Falls The Shadow: A Case Study In Lawyer Regulation.” October, 2015. Unpublished paper on file with author.

—. “National Legal Profession Reform and the Regulation of the Future.” Paper presented at the St. Vincents’ 48th Annual Queensland Law Society Symposium, Brisbane, Australia, March 27, 2010.

—. “A Response to the Business Structures Paper of 25 November 2009.” December 15, 2009.

Broome County Bar Association. “Issues Paper Concerning Unregulated LSP Entities.” June 29, 2016.

Broussard, Meredith. “Why Poor Schools Can’t Win at Standardized Testing.” The Atlantic. July 15, 2014.

Buckley, Neil. Letter to David W. Rivkin. September 23, 2016.

Camp, Scott D. and Gerald G. Gaes, “Growth and Quality of U.S. Private Prisons: Evidence from a National Survey.” Paper prepared for Federal Bureau of Prisons, Office of Research and Evaluation. September 21, 2001.

Capitol Broadcasting Company. “Editorial: Embezzlement Charge At Fayetteville Private School Exposes Risks of Voucher Abuse.” WRAL. February 21, 2017.

Carey, Kevin. “DeVos and Tax Credit Vouchers: Arizona Shows What Can Go Wrong.” New York Times. March 2, 2017.

Carrigan, Christopher. “Captured by Disaster? Reinterpreting Regulatory Behavior in the Shadow of the Gulf Oil Spill.” In Preventing Regulatory Capture: Special Interest Influence and How to Limit It, edited by Daniel Carpenter and David A. Moss, 239-291. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Carissimo, Justin. “Jeff Sessions Reverses Obama Order to Phase Out Private Prisons.” Independent. February 23, 2017.

Carnoy, Martin. “School Vouchers are Not a Proven Strategy for Improving Student Achievement.” Report by the Economic Policy Institute. February 28, 2017.

Cavicchia, Marilyn. “Which Way Forward?: National Conference of Bar Presidents Discusses Possible Futures for the Profession and for Bar Associations.” Bar Leader 39. March-April 2015.

CBA Legal Futures Initiative. “Futures: Transforming the Delivery of Legal Services in Canada.” August, 2014.

Center for International Environmental Law. “The Ebb and Flow of the Water Privatization Debate Briefing Paper for the Fourth World Water Forum.” March 2006.

Chambliss, Elizabeth and David B. Wilkins. “A New Framework for Law Firm Discipline.” Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 16 (2002): 335-351.

Chandler, Mark, Charles J. Kalil, Thomas L. Sager, Brackett B. Denniston III, Robert C. Weber, A. Douglas Melamed, Glenn E. Bost II, Randal S. Milch, and Frank R. Jimenez. “Comments of Nine General Counsel on the ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20’s Discussion Paper on Alternative Law Practice Structures.” February 29, 2012.

Chaserant, Camille and Sophie Harnay, “The Regulation of Quality in the Market for Legal Services: Taking the Heterogeneity of Legal Services Seriously.” The European Journal of Comparative Economics 10 (2013): 267-291.

Christensen, Barlow F. “The Unauthorized Practice of Law: Do Good Fences Really Make Good Neighbors—or Even Good Sense?” American Bar Foundation Research Journal 5 (Spring, 1980): 159-216.

Clark, Gerard J. “Internet Wars: The Bar Against the Websites.” Journal of High Technology Law XIII (2013): 247-296.

Clearwater, Karen. “President’s Report: The Map Followed…” The Law Society of Manitoba Communiqué 2.0. May, 2015, 1-2.

Clementi, David. “Consultation Paper on the Review of the Regulatory Framework for Legal Services in England and Wales.” March, 2004.

—. “Review of the Regulatory Framework for Legal Services in England and Wales: Final Report.” December, 2004.

“CMA Final Report: Demand for Better Price and Service Transparency from Law Firms, and Review of Legal Regulation.” Legal Futures. December 15, 2016.

Coglianese, Cary. “Management-Based Regulation: Implications for Public Policy.” In Risk and Regulatory Policy: Improving the Governance of Risk. OECD, 159-183. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2010.

Colorado Cross-Disability Coalition. “Comments on Civil Legal Service Providers.” April 24, 2016.

Colorado Supreme Court Attorney Regulation Advisory Committee Subcommittee on Proactive Management-Based Program. “Meeting Minutes.” October 19, 2016.

—. “Meeting Minutes.” January 18, 2017.

Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute and Northeastern University School of Law Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy. “Equal Access to Justice: Ensuring Meaningful Access to Counsel in Civil Cases, Including Immigration Proceedings—Response to the Seventh and Ninth Periodic Reports of the United States to the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.” July, 2014.

Committee on Privatization of Water Services in the United States, National Research Council. Privatization of Water Services in the United States: An Assessment of Issues and Experience. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002.

Committee on Standards in Public Life. “Striking the Balance: Upholding the Seven Principles of Public Life in Regulation.” September, 2016.

Competition & Markets Authority. “Legal Services Market Study: Final Report.” December 15, 2016.

Conference of Chief Justices. “Resolution 9: Recommending Consideration of ABA Model Regulatory Objectives for the Provision of Legal Services.” February 3, 2016.

“Consultative Group – Summary of Key Issues.” July 23, 2010.$file/CG+key+issue+summary+-+as+at+11+August+2010.PDF.

Cordova-Novion, Cesar and Stéphane Jacobzone. “Strengthening the Institutional Setting for Regulatory Reform: The Experience from OECD Countries.” OECD Working Papers on Public Governance, No. 19. OECD Publishing, 2011.

Corporate Accountability International. “Public Water Works! The Case for Prioritizing our Most Essential Public Service.” 2012.

Coyle, Jim. “Subcommittee Turns to Proactive Regulation.” Colorado Supreme Court. Winter 2016.

Craig, Susanne. “Trump’s Empire: A Maze of Debts and Opaque Ties.” New York Times. August 20, 2016.

Crews, Clyde Wayne. “Donald Trump Promises to Eliminate Two Regulations for Every One Enacted.” Forbes. November 22, 2016.

Cross, Michael. “IBA 2016: Legal Independence in E&W Under Attack.” The Law Society Gazette. September 22, 2016.

Cross, Robert. “Balancing Regulatory Risk.” Presentation at UCL International Access to Justice Conference, London, England, June 20, 2014.

Crouch, Colin. The Knowledge Corrupters: Hidden Consequences of the Financial Takeover of Public Life. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2016.

—. The Strange Non-Death of Neoliberalism. Cambridge, England: Polity Press, 2011.

Curry, Greg and Thompson & Knight, LLP. Untitled and undated.

“Declaration on Free Access to Law.” Free Access to Law Movement. Last amended 2012.

Department for Constitutional Affairs. “The Future of Legal Services: Putting Consumers First.” October, 2005.

Devlin, Richard and Ora Morison. “Access to Justice and the Ethics and Politics of Alternative Business Structures.” The Canadian Bar Review 91 (2012): 483-553.

Devlin, Richard F. and Porter Heffernan. “The End(S) Of Self-Regulation?” Alberta Law Review 45 (2008): 169-214.

Director General of Fair Trading. “Competition in Professions.” March, 2001.

“Donald Trump Says 70 Percent of Federal Regulations ‘Can Go.’” The Telegraph. October 7, 2016.

“[Draft] Regulatory Objectives of the Supreme Court of Colorado.” November 12, 2015.

DRI – The Voice of the Defense Bar. “Issues Paper Regarding Alternative Business Structures.” May 4, 2016.

Duroni, Lance. “US Law Firms Still Flirting with Going Public.” Law 360, July 15, 2015.

Dyck, Karen. “Innovating Regulation on the Prairies.” Slaw. January 20, 2016.

Earnshaw, Ross. “Promoting Better Practices – a Proactive Approach to Lawyer and Paralegal Regulation.” Slaw. February 1, 2016.

Edwards, Blake. “The Debate Over Non-Lawyer Firm Ownership Is Officially Closed, For Now.” Bloomberg Law. May 17, 2016.

Ehrhardt, Sara and Maude Barlow. “A Debate on Water Privatization, Part Six. Grist. July 17, 2004.

EM. May 5, 2015 (11:33 am). Comment on Alice Woolley, “Bencher Elections – The Challenge to Self-Regulations Legitimacy.” Slaw. April 30, 2015.

Evans, Adrian, Francesca Bartlett, Maxine Evers, Kath Hall, Linda Haller, Vivien Holmes, Suzanne Le Mire, Mary Anne Noone and Christine Parker. “Submission to National Legal Profession Reform Consultation on Proposed National Law.” June 22, 2010.$file/134+Christine+Parker+Submission+to+NLP+Project+Consultation+22062010.pdf.

Federal Trade Commission and US Department of Justice. Letter to Kansas Bar Association, February 4, 2005.

Figlio, David and Krzysztof Karbownik. “Evaluation of Ohio’s EdChoice Scholarship Program: Selection, Competition, and Performance Effects.” Thomas B. Fordham Institute. July, 2016.

Food & Water Watch. “Has Water Privatization Gone Too Far in New Jersey?” June, 2010.

—. “The Public Works How the Remunicipalization of Water Services Saves Money.” December, 2010.

—. “The State of Public Water in the United States.” February, 2016.

—. “Water Privatization: Facts and Figures.” August 31, 2015.

Fortney, Susan and Tahlia Gordon. “Adopting Law Firm Management Systems to Survive and Thrive: A Study of the Australian Approach to Management-Based Regulation.” University of St. Thomas Law Journal 10 (2013): 152-194.

Fortney, Susan Saab. “Promoting Public Protection through an ‘Attorney Integrity’ System: Lessons from the Australian Experience with Proactive Regulation of Lawyers.” The Professional Lawyer 23 (2015): 1-12.

—. “The Role of Ethics Audits in Improving Management Systems and Practices: An Empirical Examination of Management-Based Regulation of Law Firms.” St. Mary’s Journal on Legal Malpractice and Ethics 4 (2015): 112-149.

Forum on the Entertainment and Sports Law Industries. “ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services—Issues Paper on Alternative Business Structures/Comments Requested.” May 3, 2016.

Foster, Danny. “World Justice Project Describes the Failure of America’s Legal Services Marketplace.” Responsive Law Blog. March 14, 2014.

Fouzder, Monidipa. “SRA Says ‘Sorry’ Over ABS Application Delays.” The Law Society Gazette. April 27, 2015.

Fox, Lawrence J. “Burying the Lede.” 2015.

—. “What Would Bob MacCrate Think?”, n.d.

“Framework Document: Agreement between the Ministry of Justice and the Legal Services Board.” June, 2011.

The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice. “How Does School Choice Affect Public Schools?” Undated.

Friedman, Ken. “Could Dental-Board Decision Unlock Lawyer Control of State Bar Regulations?” Forbes, March 4, 2015.

Friedman, Milton. “Why America Needs School Vouchers.” Wall Street Journal. September 28, 2000.

Fung, Archon. “Participate, but Do So Pragmatically.” In Focus on Citizens: Public Engagement for Better Policy and Services. OECD Studies on Public Engagement, 227-230. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2009.

Furlong, Jordan. “Watershed: The CBA Futures Report.” Law21. August 14, 2014.

Galanter, Marc. “Why the “Haves” Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Legal Change.” Law & Society Review 9 (1974): 95-160.

Gallivan, Henry Mills. “ABA Proposal on Alternative Business Structures.” April 28, 2016.

Garcia-Roberts, Gus. “McKay Scholarship Program Sparks a Cottage Industry of Fraud and Chaos.” Miami New Times. June 23, 2011.

Gibeaut, John. “’It’s a Done Deal’: House of Delegates Vote Crushes Chances for MDP.” ABA Journal 9 (2000): 92-93.

Gilens, Martin and Benjamin I. Page. “Critics Argued With Our Analysis of U.S. Political Inequality. Here Are 5 Ways They’re Wrong.” Washington Post. May 23, 2016.

—. “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens.” Perspectives on Politics. September, 2014.

Goldsmith, Jonathan. “Endangered Lawyers.” Law Society Gazette. January 26, 2015.

Goodwin, James. “Racism, Cost-Benefit Analysis, and Trump Advisor Steve Bannon.” CPR Blog. November 29, 2016.

Gordon, David. “An Analysis of the Privatization of Drinking Water Facilities in the United States.” Masters project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Masters of Environmental Management degree in the Nicholas School of the Environment of Duke University, May, 2011.;sequence=1.

Gordon, Thomas M. “Comments on: Alternative Business Structures.” May 31, 2011.

—. “Comments on: Alternative Law Practice Structures.” January 30, 2012.

—. “Comments On: Issues Paper Regarding Alternative Business Structures.” May 2, 2016.

Gordon, Tahlia and Paddy Oliver. “The Demise of Appropriate Management Systems for Australian Law Firms.” May 11, 2015.

Gorelick, Jamie S. and Michael Traynor. “For Comment: Discussion Paper on Alternative Law Practice Structures.” December 2, 2011.

“Government Conclusions—Competition and Regulation in the Legal Services Market: A Report Following the Consultation ‘In the Public Interest?’” July 2003.

Grady, Kenneth. Video Testimony to the ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services. February, 2015.

Graham, D. John. “Why Governments Need Guidelines for Risk Assessment and Management.” In Risk and Regulatory Policy: Improving the Governance of Risk, OECD, 237-247. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2010.

Greenhouse, Linda. “Outsourcing the Constitution.” New York Times. March 1, 2017.

Gregson, Joseph Shannon. “Comparing Public and Private Prison Systems.” Paper presented to the Public Administration Faculty at the University of Michigan-Flint In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Master of Public Administration, Fall, 2000.

Hadfield, Gillian K. and Deborah L. Rhode. “How to Regulate Legal Services to Promote Access, Innovation, and the Quality of Lawyering.” Hastings Law Journal 67 (2016): 1191-1223.

Hadfield, Gillian K. and Jamie Heine. “Life in the Law-Thick World: The Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans.” USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS15-2; USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 15-2. January 9, 2015.

Hadfield, Gillian. “The Cost of Law: Promoting Access to Justice through the (Un)Corporate Practice of Law.” International Review of Law and Economics 38 (2014): 43-63.

—. “Legal Barriers to Innovation: The Growing Economic Cost of Professional Control Over Corporate Legal Markets.” Stanford Law Review 60 (2008): 101-146.

—. “Legal Infrastructure and the New Economy.” I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society 8 (2012): 1-59.

—. Rules for a Flat World: Why Humans Invented Law and How to Reinvent It For a Complex Global Economy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Harris, Dan. Comment on Renee Knake, “ABA Commission on Future of Legal Services Responds.” Lexblog. August 24, 2016.

Hasselback, Drew. “Why the Law Society of Upper Canada’s Move Toward ‘Entity Regulation’ Matters.” Financial Post. May 31, 2016.

Hawthorne, Michael. “EPA Warns of Lead in Water in East Chicago,” Chicago Tribune, March 2, 2017,

Helms, Ann Doss. “Praying for Options: Religious Schools Dominate NC Voucher Program.” The Charlotte Observer. April 8, 2016.

Hempling, Scott. Preside or Lead? The Attributes and Actions of Effective Regulators. Silver Spring, MD: Scott Hempling Attorney at Law LLC, 2013.

Hepburn, Glen. “Alternatives to Traditional Regulation.” OECD Report. 2006.

Herold, Benjamin. “Northeast Schools: ‘Bursting at the Seams.’” The Notebook. June 10, 2011.

Hilborne, Nick. “Business Services Giant Blames SRA Rules for Scuppering ABS Plans.” Legal Futures. July 31, 2015.

—. “Competition and Markets Authority to Investigate Legal Services.” Legal Futures. January 13, 2016.

—. “COLPs Failing to Report Problems to SRA, Groundbreaking Study Finds.” Legal Futures. March 3, 2016.

—. “Government Promises to Clear Way for Supermarket and Estate Agent ABSs.” Legal Futures. November 30, 2015.

—. “Not So Slow: SRA Approving Alternative Business Structures in Only Two Weeks.” Legal Futures. February 17, 2016.

—. “Philip: If It’s a New Law Firm, It Should Be an ABS.” Legal Futures. October 15, 2015.

—. “Rules Forcing Local Authorities to Set Up ABSs ‘Risk Privatisation of Public Sector Legal Services.’” Legal Futures. August 3, 2015.

Hill, Benjamin H., III. “Non-Lawyer Ownership of Law Firms.” April 25, 2016.

Hill, Louise Lark. “The Preclusion of Nonlawyer Ownership of Law Firms: Protecting the Interest of Clients or Protecting the Interest of Lawyers?” Capital University Law Review 42 (2014): 907-949.

Hirschhorn, Joel S. “America, Welcome to Your Delusional Democracy.” Wake Up World. September 16, 2016.

Holderman, Paula Hudson. “Commentary on the Report from the ABA’s Commission on the Future of Legal Services.” April 27, 2016.

Holmwood, Monika. “The New Legal Profession Uniform Law Takes Effect from 1 July 2015. Be Prepared.” Law Graduate in Pink. June 17, 2015.

Hunter, Pierce G. “Constitutional Law— Unauthorized Practice of Law: Driving Legal Business Without a License, LegalZoom, Inc., and Campbell v. Asbury Automotive, Inc., 2011 Ark. 157, 381 S.W.3d 21.” University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review 36 (2014): 201-228.

Hurst, James Willard. The Growth of American Law: The Law Makers. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1950.

Iacobucci, Edward M. and Michael J. Trebilcock. “An Economic Analysis of Alternative Business Structures for the Practice of Law.” Paper presented at the Law Society of Upper Canada’s symposium for the Alternative Business Structures. October 4, 2013.

Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. “Blueprint for the Future: Final Report of Trends & Issues for the 1990s.” January, 1991.

Illinois State Bar Association. “Issues Paper Regarding Alternative Business Structures: Request for Comments.” 2016.

“Incorporation: Why are Law Firms Reluctant to Move Away from the Partnership Model?” Lawyers Weekly. August 18, 2011.

In re Co-operative Law Co. 198 NY 479 (1910) 479-486.

International Association of Defense Counsel. “ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services – Alternative Business Structures.” May 3, 2016.

Johnson, Carrie. “Rights Advocates See ‘Access to Justice’ Gap in U.S.” NPR, March 10, 2014.

Johnson, Gene. “Washington Experiments with More Affordable Legal Advice.” The Seattle Times. September 27, 2015.

Johnstone, Quintin. “Unauthorized Practice Controversy: A Struggle Among Power Groups.” Kansas Law Review 4 (1955): 1-57.

Jones, Daniel Stedman. Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Kanno-Youngs, Zolan. “Tenants in Maze of New York Courts Get a Helping Hand: The Court Navigator Program Guides People Who Don’t Have An Attorney Through Their Civil Case.” The Wall Street Journal. February 15, 2016.

Karmel, Roberta S. “Will Law Firms Go Public?” University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 35 (2014): 487-539.

Kashin, Oleg. “Rex Tillerson’s Special Friend in the Kremlin.” New York Times. December 22, 2016.

Knake, Renee Newman. “Democratizing the Delivery of Legal Services.” Ohio State Law Journal 73 (2012): 1-46.

Kowalski, Mitch. “Anti-ABS Arguments Continue to Be Based on Emotion—Not Fact.” Slaw, December 30, 2014.

—. “Axiom Gobbles Up Canadian Market Share in Fascinating Deal with Cognition.” Financial Post. January 20, 2016.

—. “What if the Western Provinces Saved the Profession?” Slaw. February 7, 2013.

—. “Why One Scandal Shouldn’t Doom a New Twist on Law Firm Ownership.” Financial Post, August 17, 2015.

Krager, Ted. Skullduggery: The True Causes of the Financial Crisis. Bloomington, IN: Authorhouse, 2012.

Kuczajda, Thomas A. “Self Regulation, Socialization, and the Role of Model Rule 5.1.” Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 12 (1998-1999): 119-149.

Laird, Lorelei. “ABA House Approves Model Regulatory Objectives for Nontraditional Legal Services.” ABA Journal. February 8, 2016.

Law Firm Regulation Task Force. “Interim Report of the Law Firm Regulation Task Force.” October 3, 2016.

—. “Law Firm Regulation Consultation Brief.” October 26, 2015.

—. “Law Firm Regulation Survey Report.” Undated.

The Law Society of British Columbia. “2015 – 2017 Strategic Plan.”

The Law Society of Upper Canada. “Report to Convocation: Treasurer’s Report.” June 25, 2015.

—. Video “Promoting Better Legal Practices.” February 8, 2016.

The Law Society of Upper Canada Compliance-Based Entity Regulation Task Force. “Call for Input Consultation Paper: ‘Promoting Better Legal Practices.’” January, 2016.

—. “Report to Convocation.” December 4, 2015.

—. “Report to Convocation.” May 26, 2016.

The Law Society of Upper Canada Professional Regulations Committee. “First Report to Convocation.” February 27, 2014, 1442-1507.

—. “Report to Convocation.” September 24, 2015, 110-132.

Layton, Lyndsey. “D.C. School Voucher Program Lacks Oversight, GAO Says.” Washington Post. November 15, 2013.

Lee, Michelle Ye Hee. “Yes, U.S. Locks People Up at a Higher Rate than Any Other Country.” The Washington Post. July 7, 2015.

Leef, George. “Why The Legal Profession Says LegalZoom Is Illegal.” Forbes. October 14, 2014.

Legal Services Board. “The Regulatory Objectives: Legal Services Act 2007.” Undated.

—. “Research Strategy.” June 14, 2010.

Legal Services Consumer Panel. “Consumer Impact Report 2014.” December 5, 2014.

Lenihan, Donald G. “Public Engagement Is a Must in a Multi-Stakeholder World.” In Focus on Citizens: Public Engagement for Better Policy and Services. OECD Studies on Public Engagement, 207-212. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2009.

Levi, John. “Civil Legal Aid: Ensuring Equal Access to Justice.” Legal Services Corporation Blog. January 26, 2015.

Li, Victor. “ABA’s New Center for Innovation Will Drive Efforts for New Methods of Delivering Legal Services.” ABA Journal. November 1, 2016.

Libhart, Stephanie S. Letter to ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20. October 4, 2012.

Lichtblau, Eric. “Jamie S. Gorelick.” New York Times. November 9, 2008.

Lobina, Emanuele with Corporate Accountability International. “Troubled Waters: Misleading Industry PR and the Case for Public Water.” November, 2014.

Lockwood, Sally Evans. Letter to ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20 Working Group on Inbound Foreign Lawyers. July 5, 2010.

Lombardo, Crystal. “Water Privatization Pros and Cons.” Vision Launch. January 7, 2015.

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